什麼是依戀創傷?

依戀創傷來自兒童與其主要照顧者之間的聯繫過程中的破裂。它的影響可以持續到成年。如果你在人際關係中掙扎,有一種占主導地位的文化敘事會假設你有問題。但科學為我們提供了更廣闊的視野:我們的人際關係挑戰可能源於所謂的依戀創傷。依戀創傷是“家庭系統中身體和情感安全的持續破壞。這不是發生在你身上的事情,而是發生在你內心的事情,”田納西州納什維爾的執業臨床社會工作者 (LCSW) 希瑟·門羅 (Heather Monroe) 說,他專門治療關係創傷。一個孩子的早期生活經歷塑造了他們的成年生活,而與他們的主要照顧者的關係對於他們的發展來說是最重要的。如果一個孩子的早期關係需求沒有得到滿足,這可能會在他們以後的生活中出現... 閱讀更多

放飛自我,與您的孩子建立關係

經過幾十年與數百個家庭的合作,以及閱讀兒童發展研究並進行了一些我自己的研究,我發現了一個相當令人驚訝且非常令人興奮的事實,即一切都會發展——智力、身體能力、情感力量和習慣會導致福利。與普遍的看法有些相反,我開始發現,只要投入足夠多的時間、耐心、動力、社會支持和學習機會,就沒有不能培養的技能或特質。這包括育兒技巧:您可以學習成為孩子最好的父母。一切都取決於您與孩子的聯繫 良好育兒的基本技能是與您的孩子建立牢固的關係。這並不總是那麼容易。您的孩子可能會因為憤怒、急躁、攻擊性、衝動、懶惰或學業問題而經常遇到麻煩。你可能會擔心他們的社交... 閱讀更多

有毒養育的孩子開啟了終生的情感鬥爭

有毒養育的孩子開啟了終生的情感鬥爭

Lifetime scars: Toxic parenting can leave a poisonous legacy for children. (Unsplash/Chin Le Duc) (Unsplash/Chin Le Duc) Not all families are blessed with bliss. For people born to so-called “toxic parents”, the effects may persist a lifetime. Toxic parenting. The term seems to be trending lately as many Indonesian parents learn to be better mothers or fathers by avoiding their own parents’ mistakes. From dominating their children to being verbally abusive, parents’ faults may have lasting effects on their children. For some, such toxic behavior is the result of generational trauma or economic struggle. For others, it is the consequence of a bitter truth: that some parents have never grown up. “Toxic parenting comes from ignorance,” psychologist Sani Hermawan said. “Parents refuse to learn the right parenting methods for their child, and they repeat the toxic patterns they learned from their own parents. They just imitate without consciously considering the... 閱讀更多

為什麼通過創造性學習活動進行遊戲化學習對幼兒教育很重要

為什麼通過創造性學習活動進行遊戲化學習對幼兒教育很重要

The pandemic has been especially disruptive for early childhood learners. Bright vibrant classrooms, games and activities with peers were replaced with computer screens as a mode of learning. These challenges necessitated the need to leverage technology and make learning engaging, meaningful and personalized. Many Ed-Tech companies operating in the PreK-12 segment took up the challenge, innovated and offered exciting options for learning which included simulations, animations, video-based learning and gamification of content. Gamified learning is one of the most prominent trends which has been successfully implemented in early childhood learning. While it was being used even before the pandemic, this approach gained particular prominence during the lockdown. How is early childhood learning impacted by gamification you might ask. Why is Early Childhood Important for a Child’s Overall Development? The term Early Childhood encompasses the age group of children from birth to 8 years. This is a wondrous time of development... 閱讀更多

父母如何更好地幫助有挑食習慣的孩子?

父母如何更好地幫助有挑食習慣的孩子?

Forcing “picky eaters” to eat may not improve their attitudes or behaviors toward food. According to a recent study, creating a positive, supportive, and flexible approach to eating is more helpful.1 Researchers from Duke Health surveyed more than 19,000 American adults who identified as "picking eaters" or had symptoms of Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID). They were asked to recall whether certain parent feeding strategies helped with their eating habits. The study found that 39% of helpful themes reported by the participants related to a “positive emotional context" around food. About 40% of the responses deemed mentioned that creating a “structure around eating" was helpful.1 On the other hand, the participants said that being forced to eat or feeling like they made their parents angry by avoiding certain foods didn't help. While the survey examined a large sample, the respondents were 75% female, 25% male, and 89% White. "Unfortunately, eating... 閱讀更多

培養孩子情商的重要性

培養孩子情商的重要性

“Empathy is about finding echoes of another person in yourself.” Mohsin Hamid Navigating emotions is a complex activity and often guides one’s thought process and actions. According to researchers Peter Salavoy and John Mayer, emotional intelligence, or the capacity to assess one’s environment and understand one’s emotions and those around them, is a strong indicator of social awareness. As children explore the world around them, they are susceptible of being influenced to form new perspectives and adopt new behaviors. Kids that learn to connect their own experiences to those around them interact in a way that promotes a much safer and trusting environment. By teaching empathy to our children, we encourage a deeper self-awareness of how to cultivate strong relationships and appropriately respond to personal, interpersonal and external situations. Below, we have outlined some strategies, as well as their long-term benefits, that can support your child in developing a higher... 閱讀更多

解決當今青少年的心理健康問題

解決當今青少年的心理健康問題

The pandemic has left the world’s teenagers more stressed and anxious than ever, challenging both their mental health and well-being. For help navigating these mental and emotional waters, we turned to Courtney L. Washington, PsyD, CSYAC, HSPP, clinical training director, Park Center, Parkview Behavioral Health Institute, for some much-needed advice and guidance for parents wanting to help. What effect has the pandemic had on teens’ mental health? The pandemic significantly impacted everyone’s mental health, causing increased levels of anxiety and nervousness. We all saw and/or experienced a lot of social isolation during this past year when stuck in our homes, unable to connect with each other, beyond a screen, on a basic human level. This separation can and did lead to higher levels of depression. Individuals could also experience the effects of trauma, which involves an increased hyper-vigilance and concern for people’s safety, simply because of how unsafe everyone has... 閱讀更多

您的孩子在學校表現不佳的 5 個原因

您的孩子在學校表現不佳的 5 個原因

If your child’s grades are slipping, there are a few things that could be going on. Here’s what you should know. Let’s be honest: Parents often worry just as much or more than their kids about a bad report card. If your child has repeatedly received lower grades in school, chances are you’re probably worried about the next report card almost as much as they are. It’s easy to worry about what poor grades could mean. There are many reasons why your child may be having difficulty at school. Sometimes, it’s just a temporary issue, explains Amy Marschall, a licensed psychologist who works primarily with children and teenagers. “There is a huge range of ‘typical’ development, so often a child will be a bit behind but then catch up without intervention,” says Marschall. “I was the last kid in my kindergarten class to be able to read. I just was... 閱讀更多

如何像老闆一樣做出育兒決定

如何像老闆一樣做出育兒決定

(CNN)Caring for younger kids is often intensely physical, but with older kids, it can be intensely emotional. Why? Because there are just so many decisions to make, and in a world with a shrinking middle class, rising home prices, and a fiery social, political and natural climate, everything feels high stakes. For those of us who are disorganized, inconsistent, suffering from extreme exhaustion, short on time, money and patience -- or who just have school-age kids -- Emily Oster's new book, "The Family Firm: A Data-Driven Guide to Better Decision Making in the Early School Years," aims to help in navigating the overwhelming pressures attached to parenting in the 21st century. Do you start your kid in kindergarten on time, or wait a year so they'll be the oldest in the class? (Starting a kid earlier means they might have slightly higher test scores someday...but predicts worse performance in school.)... 閱讀更多

包容性早期學習如何使兒童、家庭、社區和勞動力受益

包容性早期學習如何使兒童、家庭、社區和勞動力受益

An inclusive early learning environment doesn’t just benefit children with disabilities or special health care needs — it also benefits their classmates, families and the community as a whole, including employers. In an inclusive classroom, children with physical and developmental differences learn and play side-by-side with typically developing children. Both thrive as a result: kids with challenges in speech or eating expand their vocabularies and try more food simply by watching and participating in activities with their peers, while their classmates learn empathy, acceptance and the value of individuality from a young age. When early learning staff are able to offer inclusive classrooms, they also help reduce the epidemic of preschool expulsions. Children are expelled from preschool at rates three times higher than any K-12 grade, according to U.S. Department of Health & Human Services data, and many of those expelled are children with disabilities and challenging behaviors. Those expulsions... 閱讀更多

孩子們不必總是分享't

孩子們不必總是分享

My two-year-old started crying minutes after my oldest son unwrapped his birthday presents. He wanted to play with his brother’s newest haul of toys as soon as they came out of their boxes, but his sibling firmly refused his requests. And while I was disappointed that my oldest child didn’t want to share, I couldn’t blame him either. There could be nothing more annoying to a child than being forced to give your toys away to anyone mere minutes after receiving them. Not sharing with a friend or family member goes against everything that I learned as a child, though. If someone I knew wanted to use something I was using, I understood I should give them a turn without question. As I saw this scenario play out between my children, I asked myself, “Do kids always have to share?” I took this question to parenting psychologist, best-selling author, and... 閱讀更多

你需要你認為你需要的東西嗎?

你需要你認為你需要的東西嗎?

Do you ever wonder why you invest your time, money, or energy where you do? Like the clever song by Christine Lavin and The Four Bitchin Babes, do you ever wonder, “What was I thinking?” (The song is fun; consult your music source). There is a good chance that you were not thinking at all, that you were acting from impulses, whether generated from internal needs , states or events, or external ones. Why might we want something we do not need? The most straightforward response is that we think it might meet a need. For example, we may want to feel healthy. Some expert or media release or comment from a person you admire and/or respect might recommend x, y, or z as a shortcut to feeling healthy. You know in your gut that few solutions– products, activities, habits–could help as much as shedding the extra twenty pounds gained... 閱讀更多

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