Child Sleep Problems Affect Mothers and Fathers Differently

After the birth of children, fragmentation of parental night sleep and fatigue due to the nightly demands of the infant are common.1 Indeed, there is evidence that mothers’ and fathers’ fatigue increase immediately following the birth of their child.1,2 Resulting in insufficient, non-restful sleep, this poses a stress factor for parental health, daily well-being, and functioning.3 In contrast, good children’s sleep quality predicted good maternal sleep.4 Most often, this is a temporary problem and infants develop the competence to fall asleep independently in the evening and go back to sleep after night waking during the first year of life.5,6 However, about 20–30% of the infants and young children are affected by sleep problems during the entire first 3 years of childhood and need support by a caregiver to fall asleep.7–10 Consequently, many parents are concerned with difficulties pertaining to their own sleep as well as handling their children’s sleep problems.... Read more

Do Mindfulness Interventions Improve Obesity Rates in Children and Adolescents: A Review of the Evidence

Do Mindfulness Interventions Improve Obesity Rates in Children and Adolescents

Mindfulness interventions have shown promise in improving self-regulation, depression, anxiety, and stress levels across all ages. Obesity rates in children are rising worldwide. It has been postulated that through improvements in self-regulation with mindfulness interventions, obesity rates can be improved in children and adolescents. In this review, we attempt to explain how mindfulness interventions may impact obesity rates and obesity-related complications and give the current state of evidence for the following mindfulness interventions: Mindful Eating, Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction, Yoga, Spirituality, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Over the last 20 years, childhood obesity has become a major public health concern in the United States. According to the most recent data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2015–2016, 18.5% of American youth between the ages of 2 and 19 were classified as being obese using a body mass index (BMI) threshold >95% for age.1 The rate of obesity increases... Read more

‘Found’ Review: Centred on emotional cues from teens, this documentary is intelligent, insightful, and compassionate

‘Found’ Review: Centred on emotional cues from teens, this documentary is intelligent, insightful, and compassionate

Assumptions about biological family ties are widespread. Documents at the doctor’s office are asking about family history. The benefactors tend to comment on whether the child is more like one parent or the other. And any ethnic or racial differences between generations within a family can raise questions. About where one comes from or where one comes from. Adoption films often tackle some or all of these issues. And Amanda Lipitz’s documentary “Found” fits into this landscape. In both the predictable and the unpredictable ways. In “Found”, Lipitz paints a portrait of the earlier effect of China’s politics on a child: They have been used for almost 40 years. With several modifications in this country and the United States. After the intertitle tells us that between 1979 and 2015. More than 150,000 children, mostly girls, were adopted from China. The documentary has no official data or analytical perspective. There is... Read more

Depression Symptoms in Teens: Why Today’s Teens Are More Depressed Than Ever

Depression Symptoms in Teens: Why Today’s Teens Are More Depressed Than Ever

After a decline in the 1990s, the number of young people that commit suicide has been increasing every year. While no one can explain exactly why, many experts say adolescents and teens today probably face more pressures at home or school, worry about financial issues for their families, and use more alcohol and drugs. “This is a very dangerous time for our young people,” Kathy Harms, a staff psychologist at Kansas City’s Crittenton Children’s Center, told the Portland Press Herald. “We’re seeing more anxiety and depression in children of all ages.” Why Are So Many Teens Depressed? Here are some disturbing statistics about teen depression. According to suicide.org, teen and adolescent suicides have continued to rise dramatically in recent years. Consider these alarming figures: Every 100 minutes a teen takes their own life. Suicide is the third-leading cause of death for young people ages 15 to 24. About 20 percent... Read more

ADHD in Young Adults: Avoiding Symptom Collisions in College, First Jobs & Beyond

ADHD in Young Adults: Avoiding Symptom Collisions in College, First Jobs and Beyond

Developmental Milestones in Young Adulthood Leaving home for college. Organizing a gap year. Applying and interviewing for a first job. Adulting. Young adulthood is one big life event after another, each one needing the following developmental skills and each one impacted by ADHD symptoms like executive dysfunction: Advocating for oneself. College students with ADHD must communicate their needs (a quiet testing area, a class notetaker, etc.) to sometimes reluctant professors. New employees must be able to request performance-enhancing modifications, like frequent progress check-ins or telecommuting options. Juggling academics, work, and social obligations. This is hard for many young adults, who are tempted to hang out with friends rather than study or get to bed early. Taking responsibility for your physical and mental health. Young adults must develop a consistent daily medication routine, exercise regularly, practice self-care, and eat healthy meals and snacks. This requires self-discipline. Making thoughtful decisions. Which college... Read more

After the ADHD Diagnosis: Experts Answer Your Top 10 Questions

After the ADHD Diagnosis: Experts Answer Your Top 10 Questions

An ADHD diagnosis often answers some big, life-long questions. Then, it quickly raises new ones: What exactly does this mean? What are our options? Where do we go from here? ADDitude surveyed its community about the important questions you want, and need, answered after you or your child receives an ADHD diagnosis. We asked experts to provide insights and advice to clear up confusion and illuminate a clear path forward. 1. Who is best suited to treat ADHD, and how do I find a qualified professional? This is the most common question parents and adults ask. It is a reflection of how few experienced ADHD clinicians there are in the world. A survey done at the Mayo Clinic about eight years ago found that the average parents of children with ADHD consulted 11 clinicians before they found one they thought was well prepared. For a good outcome, ADHD medication and... Read more

ADHD drug class leads to fewer side effects in preschool children

ADHD drug class leads to fewer side effects in preschool children

A study comparing two types of ADHD medications in preschool-age children shows alpha-2-adrenergic agonists like guanfacine and clonidine are effective in reducing ADHD symptoms but with a lower rate of side effects. About 2.4 percent of preschool-age children have an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis. For these children, behavioral interventions intended to redirect a child or otherwise replace negative behavior with positive ones are the first line of treatment. But what if symptoms linger, or are so severe that they interfere with a child’s social, emotional, and educational development? A study from Boston Children’s Hospital finds that starting drug treatment with alpha-2-adrenergic agonists (A2As), such as guanfacine and clonidine, can be effective in reducing ADHD symptoms in preschool-age children. Just as important, the study shows that these medications have fewer side effects than stimulants, like methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta) and amphetamines (Adderall, Vyvanse), which are often the first line of ADHD treatment.... Read more

Advice on how to care for a child with ADHD

Advice on how to care for a child with ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects a person’s ability to pay attention, manage daily tasks, and control their emotions and impulses. This can affect school performance and family relationships. Although ADHD can be stressful for children, it can also increase parenting stress. Knowing how to look after a child with ADHD may ease this stress while also reducing the risk of negative outcomes for the child. Keep reading to learn more about how to care for a child with ADHD, including information on certain challenges that parents and caregivers may face and tips for looking after both children and teenagers. d3sign/Getty Images Many studies suggest that parents and caregivers of children with ADHD may experience increased parenting stress . The stress tends to increase with certain ADHD symptoms, especially those that disrupt family life or cause behavioral problems. For example, a 2017 study that included 126 mothers of children with... Read more

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