No one can predict exactly what the digital world will look like in 10 years. There is legitimate concern that a profit-driven metaverse will further erode what young people need to thrive. Conversely, some of our best minds (including young people) are working hard to define what age-relevant, safe, and playful digital platforms free of commercial exploitation might look and feel like. Young people themselves are often at the leading edge of adopting and hacking tools for their purposes. The reality is probably an ongoing push and pull between commercial demands, adolescent needs, and our collective imagination of what is possible online.
Media is social as soon as it involves interacting with others.
No matter what the future of social media holds, it’s clear that we can do a lot to prepare kids to interact in healthy and meaningful ways online. It is tempting to push off these conversations until kids get their first cell phone. It’s also easy to barrage young kids with a list of “places they should not go” and “things they should not do” online. Let’s be clear that Internet safety talks and safe digital playgrounds are absolutely essential for younger children. But we would be wise to couple these with early and consistent efforts to build the emotional scaffolding they need for healthy online interactions.
Here are five ways to build emotional skills for social media.
Even if our kids are far from getting their own TikTok accounts, we can start helping them develop the emotional skills they will need when they get there.
1. Tether online experiences to offline emotional impacts early and often.
There are endless bite-sized opportunities to help kids understand that there are real humans on the other side of every interaction online. We can and should start doing this long before digital citizenship curriculum tackles online drama or cyberbullying. For example, with young children, we can say, “It was so fun to send Grandma that picture of you at your basketball game. Let’s close our eyes and imagine how she felt when she opened that text and saw your picture. What do you think her face looked like? Let’s FaceTime her to see, and then you can tell her more about your game!”
2. Practice communicating with emotional accuracy.
Emotional communication is challenging at any age. Learning how to correctly identify our feelings, state our emotional reality, and respond respectfully when other people express their own emotions is not easy. It can become even more difficult online.
For example, trying to discern whether all caps means that someone is excited or angry is confusing at best. To model emotional accuracy, we can say things like, “I’m not sure that your Papí is going to understand that I am joking just because I used an exclamation point. How can we be sure he knows what I am feeling right now?”
3. Avoid outsourcing emotional regulation to technology.
Let’s be clear: handing our kids a phone or tablet for entertainment to avoid an emotional meltdown is sometimes a necessary option to get through the day. The last thing any of us needs is to load any single screen-time choice with shame or guilt. We do, however, want to keep an eye on the patterns we create as we learn how to handle and manage feelings like anger, sadness, loneliness, or frustration.
Using unrelated entertainment technology (as opposed to apps designed for this use) to distract, numb, or soothe is tempting because it can solve a problem in the short term. In excess, though, this pattern tends to backfire over time for many kids. This is partly because it robs kids of the opportunity to practice having and handling feelings. It also reinforces a practice of going to our devices at the height of emotional dysregulation—a habit that will have higher stakes as kids get older.